Violence and Injury Prevention

Prevent: January 2008 (Issue 11)

HIGHLIGHTS

WHO Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability (VIP) defines new strategic priorities
On 6-7 December 2007, senior VIP staff and external advisers met to define new strategic directions for WHO's violence and injury prevention work. It was concluded that WHO's violence and injury prevention programmes should continue to support the development of new knowledge as necessary, and to disseminate and implement more widely its existing normative tools. Additionally, it was suggested that WHO strengthen its focus on capacity development; partnerships; advocacy and communications; strengthening country programmes, and integrating VIP issues into selected major international agendas. Follow-up meetings will be scheduled to develop more detailed strategies for capacity development and advocacy and communications.
For further information, please contact
Dr Etienne Krug at
kruge@who.int

Scotland launches 10-year Strategic Plan for Violence Reduction
Following the very successful 3rd Milestones meeting it co-hosted with WHO in Scotland, the Scottish Violence Reduction Unit launched its 10-year strategic plan on 17 December 2007. The plan aims to deliver a permanent and sustainable reduction in violence, and was launched by Kenny MacAskill, Cabinet Secretary for Justice, and Stephen House, Chief Constable of Strathclyde Police, the largest police force in Scotland. It has been circulated to local authority and health service directors, community safety partnership managers, major nongovernmental organizations and third sector groups throughout Scotland. The Plan is designed to initiate discussion, inform local planning and encourage and strengthen local engagement around a shared violence prevention agenda. It is anticipated that the milestones within the Plan will change in light of experience and progress and it is hoped that aspiration will increase with success.
For further information, please visit
http://www.actiononviolence.com/aov/21.81.21.html

or contact
June Hepburn at
june.hepburn@strathclyde.pnn.police.uk

Boost for Jamaica Violence Prevention Alliance
On 11 September 2007, The Jamaica National Building Society (JNBS) Foundation announced a Jamaican Dollar 3 million sponsorship of the Jamaica Chapter of the Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA). Commenting on the initiative, Ruth Jankee, General Manager of the JNBS Foundation said, “The JNBS Foundation is intent on fulfilling its mandate of building partnerships and changing lives. We see the work of the Violence Prevention Alliance as a critical tool that can change the lives of all Jamaicans. This partnership with the VPA is one important avenue through which the Foundation can assist in finding solutions to the issues which affect us all as a people.” The funds will be allocated over the next three years and will assist the VPA in implementing extensive work plans, which are geared towards increasing the success of violence prevention programmes in Jamaica.

For further information, please see
http://www.jnbs.com/jnbs.dti?page=news&id=347&PHPSESSID=0ff004a82c393e068dff168fcc493618

or contact
Dr Deanna Ashley at
dashley@vpajamaica.com

Violence Prevention experts are joint recipients of 2008 Stockholm Criminology Prize
In September 2007, it was announced that Professor Jonathan Shepherd, Head of Cardiff University's Violence Research Group and long-standing VPA participant, and Professor David Olds, Director of the University of Colorado's Prevention Research Center for Family and Child Health, will jointly receive the 2008 Stockholm Prize in Criminology. The prize is awarded for outstanding achievements in criminological research or for the application of research results by practitioners for the reduction of crime and the advancement of human rights. An independent, international jury of criminologists selected the winners for their pioneering interventions and controlled tests of primary crime prevention strategies, which successfully blocked crime among high-risk people or high-risk social environments. Significantly, both Professors Shepherd and Olds place strong emphasis upon a population-wide, public health approach to prevention, and their recognition within criminological circles bodes well for enhanced cross-sectoral collaboration in the future.
For further information, please visit
http://www.criminologyprize.com/extra/pod/

Major child maltreatment prevention outcome evaluation study announced
In January 2008 the University of North Carolina's Injury Prevention Research Center announced receipt of grants worth US$6.9 million to undertake a randomized control study into the effectiveness of an intervention to prevent inflicted traumatic brain injury in infants (also know as "shaken baby syndrome"). Funding for the project comes from three sources. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provided a five-year, $2.9 million grant, and $2 million each from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation and the Duke Endowment. Heading up the study is Professor Desmond Runyon who said: "this prevention project will involve media, nursery education for parents of newborns, and an educational booster session focused on infant crying at the first well-child check. Our data suggest that crying is the prime trigger for shaking infants. We have a DVD and booklet with a nurse script that will be provided and reinforced by a larger public media campaign in our state. We have proposed a five-year study that aims to reduce the rate of abusive head trauma in infants by 50% from 30 per 100,000 live births in the first year of life to 15 per 100,000 live births. We also will survey about shaking behaviour and have the power to show that parents report lower rates of shaking on anonymous calls. We will try to reach 600,000 new sets of parents". Scientifically rigorous, large-scale outcome evaluation studies of this kind are crucial to strengthening the knowledge of what works to prevent violence, and this new study provides an example of what could be done in low- and middle-income countries were the resources to be made available.
For more information, please contact
Desmond Runyan at
drunyan@med.unc.edu

OTHER RECENT EVENTS

October 2007
São Paulo University Centre for the Study of Violence initiates outcome evaluation study
On 22-23 October 2007, the University of São Paulo's Centre for the Study of Violence hosted an inaugural workshop to review pilot findings and finalize the design of a major outcome evaluation study aimed at exploring the impact of a combined home visitation and centre-based parent training and support programme for teenage mothers resident in some of São Paulo's most deprived urban areas. Each year, over 20 percent of all Brazilian infants are born to teenage mothers, many living in situations of extreme poverty with few social, financial and education support systems and even fewer opportunities to build a solid future for themselves and their children. Available data suggest these stresses are associated with high levels of child maltreatment among teenage mothers, and the outcome evaluation study is being designed to test the effectiveness of preventing child maltreatment and other adversities in the infants and their mothers. Interventions are being designed with reference to what's already been shown to work by existing outcome evaluation studies and what is feasible given the local circumstances. The workshop convened experts from the University of São Paulo and the São Paulo Municipality, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PAHO, WHO and The University of Michigan. Shortly after the workshop, the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development announced an award of further support for the project development costs. Efforts to raise the additional resources needed to bring the project up to the necessary scale are ongoing.
For further information, please contact
Dr Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres at
mftperes@gmail.com

International Conference on the State of Safety in World Cities
On 1-5 October 2007, UN Habitat hosted the International Conference on the State of Safety in World Cities. The overall conference objective was to develop an international framework for supporting cities in addressing urban crime and violence within the context of sustainable urban development. Specific objectives included reviewing and assessing the state of safety in cities and towns; promoting planning and governance for safety as tools for integrated interventions, and identifying key policy and strategic steps for the international communities to assist cities in tackling crime, violence and insecurity. Plenary sessions included an Armed Violence Prevention Programme workshop jointly convened by UN-Habitat, UNDP and WHO. The Conference was also an opportunity to launch UN-Habitat's Strategic Plan of Safer Cities 2008-2013, which is convergent with a public health approach to violence prevention and foregrounds the importance of intersectoral activities aimed at addressing underlying causes and risk factors.
For further information, please visit
http://www.habitatmonterrey2007.org.mx/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1
or contact
Dr Laura Petrella at
Laura.Petrella@unhabitat.org

September 2007
MENTOR-VIP kicks off
In September 2007, implementation of the MENTOR-VIP programme began. MENTOR-VIP is WHO's global mentoring programme for injury and violence prevention, and is designed to develop key skills by fostering collaboration between committed injury and violence prevention practitioners and appropriately matched mentors. The initial group consists of 13 pairs of mentors and practitioners from a wide range of countries, and covering areas of work that include integrated approaches to the surveillance of violence and unintentional injuries, the prevention of specific types of violence, and unintentional injury prevention. The next round of MENTOR-VIP mentorships will formally begin in September of 2008. Those interested in applying to be mentored for the 2008-2009 cycle must complete an online application form. Applications will be accepted between February 15 to May 16, 2008.
The website for application and for further information is:
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/capacitybuilding/mentor_vip/en/index.html>
For further information, please contact
Dr David Meddings at
meddingsd@who.int

Regional Capacity Development and Training Activities
Americas
In October 2007 the WHO Regional Office for the Americas held a TEACH-VIP training of trainers workshop in Honduras with professionals representing seven countries of the region.
For further information, please contact
Dr Alberto Concha-Eastman at
conchaal@paho.org

Europe
On 21-22 November 2007 the WHO Regional Office for Europe, in collaboration with the Portuguese Ministry of Health and High Commissioner for Health, convened the Third meeting of European national focal points for violence and injury prevention in Lisbon, Portugal. The meeting was attended by 60 participants from 40 countries of the European Region and representatives from the European Commission, the European Public Health Association and NGOs such as EuroSafe. On 5-8 November 2008 the WHO Regional office for Europe held a TEACH-VIP training of trainers workshop for Russian-speaking practitioners in Salzburg, Austria.
For further information, please contact
Dr Dinesh Sethi at
DIN@ecr.euro.who.int

UPCOMING EVENTS

Regional Capacity Development and Training Events
Africa
On 17-19 June 2008, the WHO Regional Office for Africa is planning a TEACH-VIP training of trainers meeting.
For more information, please contact
Dr Olive Kobusingye at
KobusingyeO@zw.afro.who.int

Eastern Mediterranean
On 1 to 5 March 2008 the Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean will hold a TEACH-VIP training of trainers meeting in Oman.
For more information, please contact
Dr Jaffar Hussain at
hussains@emro.who.int

Second Global Meeting of Ministry of Health Focal Points for Injury and Violence Prevention
The Second Global Meeting of Ministry of Health Focal Points for Injury and Violence Prevention will take place on 13-14 March 2008 in the margins of the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion (see below). Ministry of Health officials who have been invited are those formally identified as the focal points for injury and violence prevention. It is estimated that over 100 participants will attend. The meeting objectives are to:

  • Increase the exchange of ideas and information between the focal points and their peers
  • Further clarify the role of Ministry of Health focal points
  • Identify future activities of the informal network of Ministry of Health focal points
  • Inform the focal points about WHO products and tools for injury and violence prevention
  • Facilitate the participation of the focal points in the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion.

For further information, please contact
Ms Laura Sminkey at
sminkeyl@who.int

Ministerial Meeting on Injury and Violence Prevention in the Americas
The Mexican Ministry of Health will host a Ministerial Meeting on Injury and Violence Prevention in the Americas on 14 March 2008 in Merida, Mexico. As a pre-meeting to the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, the Ministerial Meeting will involve Ministers of Health and their representatives from most countries of the region. During the one-day meeting it is expected that participants will adopt the Ministerial Declaration on Injury and Violence Prevention in the Americas. Through the Declaration they will commit to increased intersectoral efforts to prevent injuries and violence in the region, with an emphasis on the development of national plans, expansion of educational curricula, and enhancement of prevention programmes.
For further information, please contact
Dr Alberto Concha Eastman at
conchaal@paho.org

9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion
On 15-18 March 2008, the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion will be held in Merida, Mexico. In addition to regular conference presentations, poster sessions and workshops that deal with violence, the following WHO violence prevention business meetings have been scheduled:

  • Violence Prevention Alliance
  • WHO initiative for the primary prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence
  • Estimating the economic costs of violence
  • Improving violence and injury data and estimates<

These business meetings are open to all, and the exact times, dates and venues will be announced on the WHO web site as soon as they are made available by the conference organizers.
The conference website is
http://www.safety2008mx.info
For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect
On 7-10 September 2008, the 17th ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect will be held in Hong Kong.
For further information, please visit
http://www.ispcan.org/congress2008/

Violence Prevention Alliance 2008 Annual Meeting
On 2-3 December 2008 the annual Violence Prevention Alliance meeting will take place in Washington DC, USA. This meeting is strictly by invitation only for Violence Prevention Alliance participants and selected additional participants, and is not to be confused with the larger "Milestones" meetings that take place every 18 months and are open to a wider spectrum of violence prevention practitioners. The 2008 Violence Prevention Alliance meeting will focus on advancing violence prevention within the international development agenda.
For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

PUBLICATIONS

Expert meeting on the prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence, April 2007: report
As part of the Global Campaign for Violence Prevention, WHO is giving increased attention to the primary prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence. As a first step, and to assist WHO determine how it can best promote evidence-based policy options in this field, an expert consultation was held in April 2007. This consultation convened international experts and WHO staff from several departments to take stock of existing global evidence related to the primary prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence; to identify the next steps for WHO in this area, and to inform the outline and content of a technical guide on the prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence. The meeting report has now been published and is available online.
To download a copy of the report, visit
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/activities/who_ipv_sv_prevention_meeting_report.pdf
For for further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

Thailand: National Report on Violence and Health
In December 2007, the National report on violence and health in Thailand was published. Developed with support from the WHO Centre for Health Development in Kobe, Japan, the report has a foreword by the Honourable Thawat Santrajarn, Director General of Diseases Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. The report reviews the latest available information about the magnitude and consequences of violence in Thailand, its causes, correlates and risk factors; what's being done by way of violence prevention and victim services, and provides a set of recommendations for strengthening violence prevention programming and polices at national and local levels.
To download a copy of the report, visit
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/national_activities/tha/en/index.html
or for further information, please contact
Dr Chamaiparn Santikarn at
santikarnc@searo.who.int

Guatemala: Informe estadístico de la violencia en Guatemala
In December 2007, UNDP Guatemala, working in close collaboration with the Guatemalan Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Health and as part of the joint UNDP-WHO Armed Violence Prevention Programme, published the first Statistical report on violence in Guatemala . This report, available in Spanish only, shows how over the last seven years homicidal violence has increased more than 120 percent, from 2655 homicides in 1999 to 5885 in 2006. In 2006, the country had a national homicide rate of 47 per 100,000 inhabitants, rising to 108 per 100,000 in Guatemala City - rates that position Guatemala as one of the world's most violent countries. The report highlights the fact that official police and justice statistics identify only a fraction of all victims of violence, and that data from mortuaries, hospitals and emergency departments are essential for obtaining a comprehensive picture. Probable underlying causes and risk factors are identified, and set of prevention recommendations are provided.
To download a copy of the document, visit
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/national_activities/informe_estadistico_violencia_guatemala.pdf

or for further information, please contact
Mr Arturo Matute at
arturo.matute@undp.org

Arabic and French language versions of Preventing child maltreatment
The joint WHO-ISPCAN document Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence has been published in Arabic and French language translations. The Arabic language version was produced by WHO's Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean in Cairo, Egypt, and the French language version was produced with the generous support of the Public Health Agency of Canada.
To download a copy of these documents, visit
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241592079_ara.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/9789242594362_fre.pdf

Preventing injuries and violence: a guide for ministries of health: now in five languages
The document Preventing injuries and violence: a guide for ministries of health, is now available in five United Nations languages: Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
To download copies of this document, visit
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595254_chi.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595254_eng.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789242595253_fre.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789244595251_rus.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789275328644_spa.pdf
Regional Capacity Development and Training Events
Africa
On 17-19 June 2008, the WHO Regional Office for Africa is planning a TEACH-VIP training of trainers meeting.
For more information, please contact
Dr Olive Kobusingye at
KobusingyeO@zw.afro.who.int

Eastern Mediterranean
On 1 to 5 March 2008 the Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean will hold a TEACH-VIP training of trainers meeting in Oman.
For more information, please contact
Dr Jaffar Hussain at
hussains@emro.who.int

Second Global Meeting of Ministry of Health Focal Points for Injury and Violence Prevention
The Second Global Meeting of Ministry of Health Focal Points for Injury and Violence Prevention will take place on 13-14 March 2008 in the margins of the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion (see below). Ministry of Health officials who have been invited are those formally identified as the focal points for injury and violence prevention. It is estimated that over 100 participants will attend. The meeting objectives are to:

  • Increase the exchange of ideas and information between the focal points and their peers
  • Further clarify the role of Ministry of Health focal points
  • Identify future activities of the informal network of Ministry of Health focal points
  • Inform the focal points about WHO products and tools for injury and violence prevention
  • Facilitate the participation of the focal points in the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion.

For further information, please contact
Ms Laura Sminkey at
sminkeyl@who.int

Ministerial Meeting on Injury and Violence Prevention in the Americas
The Mexican Ministry of Health will host a Ministerial Meeting on Injury and Violence Prevention in the Americas on 14 March 2008 in Merida, Mexico. As a pre-meeting to the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, the Ministerial Meeting will involve Ministers of Health and their representatives from most countries of the region. During the one-day meeting it is expected that participants will adopt the Ministerial Declaration on Injury and Violence Prevention in the Americas. Through the Declaration they will commit to increased intersectoral efforts to prevent injuries and violence in the region, with an emphasis on the development of national plans, expansion of educational curricula, and enhancement of prevention programmes.
For further information, please contact
Dr Alberto Concha Eastman at
conchaal@paho.org

9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion
On 15-18 March 2008, the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion will be held in Merida, Mexico. In addition to regular conference presentations, poster sessions and workshops that deal with violence, the following WHO violence prevention business meetings have been scheduled:

  1. Violence Prevention Alliance
  2. WHO initiative for the primary prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence
  3. Estimating the economic costs of violence
  4. Improving violence and injury data and estimates
These business meetings are open to all, and the exact times, dates and venues will be announced on the WHO web site as soon as they are made available by the conference organizers.

The conference website is
http://www.safety2008mx.info

For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion
On 15-18 March 2008, the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion will be held in Merida, Mexico. In addition to regular conference presentations, poster sessions and workshops that deal with violence, the following WHO violence prevention business meetings have been scheduled:

  1. Violence Prevention Alliance
  2. WHO initiative for the primary prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence
  3. Estimating the economic costs of violence
  4. Improving violence and injury data and estimates
These business meetings are open to all, and the exact times, dates and venues will be announced on the WHO web site as soon as they are made available by the conference organizers.

The conference website is
http://www.safety2008mx.info

For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect
On 7-10 September 2008, the 17th ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect will be held in Hong Kong.

For further information, please visit
http://www.ispcan.org/congress2008/

Violence Prevention Alliance 2008 Annual Meeting
On 2-3 December 2008 the annual Violence Prevention Alliance meeting will take place in Washington DC, USA. This meeting is strictly by invitation only for Violence Prevention Alliance participants and selected additional participants, and is not to be confused with the larger "Milestones" meetings that take place every 18 months and are open to a wider spectrum of violence prevention practitioners. The 2008 Violence Prevention Alliance meeting will focus on advancing violence prevention within the international development agenda.

For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int


PUBLICATIONS

Expert meeting on the prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence, April 2007: report
As part of the Global Campaign for Violence Prevention, WHO is giving increased attention to the primary prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence. As a first step, and to assist WHO determine how it can best promote evidence-based policy options in this field, an expert consultation was held in April 2007. This consultation convened international experts and WHO staff from several departments to take stock of existing global evidence related to the primary prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence; to identify the next steps for WHO in this area, and to inform the outline and content of a technical guide on the prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence. The meeting report has now been published and is available online.

To download a copy of the report, visit
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/activities/who_ipv_sv_prevention_meeting_report.pdf

or for further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

Thailand: National Report on Violence and Health
In December 2007, the National report on violence and health in Thailand was published. Developed with support from the WHO Centre for Health Development in Kobe, Japan, the report has a foreword by the Honourable Thawat Santrajarn, Director General of Diseases Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. The report reviews the latest available information about the magnitude and consequences of violence in Thailand, its causes, correlates and risk factors; what's being done by way of violence prevention and victim services, and provides a set of recommendations for strengthening violence prevention programming and polices at national and local levels.

To download a copy of the report, visit
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/national_activities/tha/en/index.html

or for further information, please contact
Dr Chamaiparn Santikarn at
santikarnc@searo.who.int

Guatemala: Informe estadístico de la violencia en Guatemala
In December 2007, UNDP Guatemala, working in close collaboration with the Guatemalan Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Health and as part of the joint UNDP-WHO Armed Violence Prevention Programme, published the first Statistical report on violence in Guatemala . This report, available in Spanish only, shows how over the last seven years homicidal violence has increased more than 120 percent, from 2655 homicides in 1999 to 5885 in 2006. In 2006, the country had a national homicide rate of 47 per 100,000 inhabitants, rising to 108 per 100,000 in Guatemala City - rates that position Guatemala as one of the world's most violent countries. The report highlights the fact that official police and justice statistics identify only a fraction of all victims of violence, and that data from mortuaries, hospitals and emergency departments are essential for obtaining a comprehensive picture. Probable underlying causes and risk factors are identified, and set of prevention recommendations are provided.

To download a copy of the document, visit
http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/national_activities/informe_estadistico_violencia_guatemala.pdf

or for further information, please contact
Mr Arturo Matute at
arturo.matute@undp.org

Arabic and French language versions of Preventing child maltreatment
The joint WHO-ISPCAN document Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence has been published in Arabic and French language translations. The Arabic language version was produced by WHO's Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean in Cairo, Egypt, and the French language version was produced with the generous support of the Public Health Agency of Canada.

To download a copy of these documents, visit
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241592079_ara.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/9789242594362_fre.pdf

Preventing injuries and violence: a guide for ministries of health: now in five languages
The document Preventing injuries and violence: a guide for ministries of health, is now available in five United Nations languages: Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

To download copies of this document, visit
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595254_chi.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595254_eng.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789242595253_fre.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789244595251_rus.pdf
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789275328644_spa.pdf

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