Water Sanitation Health

Antimony in drinking-water

Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality


Antimony in Drinking-water, Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, is an update of the background document published in the second edition of the Guidelines. The update was prepared by Prof. Hermann H. Dieter, Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environment Agency), Germany, to whom special thanks are due.

The work of the following working group coordinators was crucial in the development of this document and others in the third edition:

  • Mr J.K. Fawell, United Kingdom (Organic and inorganic constituents)
  • Dr E. Ohanian, Environmental Protection Agency, USA (Disinfectants and disinfection by-products)
  • Ms M. Giddings, Health Canada (Disinfectants and disinfection by-products)
  • Dr P. Toft, Canada (Pesticides)
  • Prof. Y. Magara, Hokkaido University, Japan (Analytical achievability)
  • Mr P. Jackson, WRc-NSF, United Kingdom (Treatment achievability)

The contribution of peer reviewers is greatly appreciated. The draft text was posted on the world wide web for comments from the public. The revised text and the comments were discussed at the Final Task Force Meeting for the third edition of the GDWQ, held on 31 March to 4 April 2003, at which time the present version was finalized. The input of those who provided comments and of participants in the meeting is gratefully reflected in the final text.

The WHO coordinators were as follows:

  • Dr J. Bartram, Coordinator, Water Sanitation and Health Programme, WHO Headquarters, and formerly WHO European Centre for Environmental Health
  • Mr P. Callan, Water Sanitation and Health Programme, WHO Headquarters
  • Mr H. Hashizume, Water Sanitation and Health Programme, WHO Headquarters

Ms C. Vickers provided a liaison with the International Chemical Safety Programme, WHO Headquarters.

Ms Marla Sheffer of Ottawa, Canada, was responsible for the scientific editing of the document.

Many individuals from various countries contributed to the development of the Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. The efforts of all who contributed to the preparation of this document and in particular those who provided peer or public domain review comment are greatly appreciated.