Water Sanitation Health

Tools for assessing the O&M status of water supply and sanitation in developing countries

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Authors:
Cotton A (WEDC)

Tools cover

Publication details

Number of pages: 50
Publication date: 2000
Languages: English
WHO reference number: WHO/SDE/WSH/00.3

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The term "Operation and Maintenance" has been used as a general concept covering a wide range of activities carried out by utilities, government and communities in order to sustain their services and to maintain existing capital assets. Specifically, in the present context:

Operation refers to the procedures and activities involved in the actual delivery of services, e.g. abstraction, treatment, pumping, transmission and distribution of drinking-water.

Maintenance refers to activities aimed at keeping existing capital assets in serviceable condition, e.g. by repairing water distribution pipes, pumps and public taps.

Nine tools are described in this document. They are targeted at:

  • policy-makers (including staff of international development agencies) who need to optimize the investments in water and sanitation by developing improved management strategies which give a higher profile to operation and maintenance;
  • policy-makers (including staff of international development agencies) who need to optimize the investments in water and sanitation by developing improved management strategies which give a higher profile to operation and maintenance;

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