Water supply, sanitation and hygiene monitoring
The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) has reported country, regional and global estimates of progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) since 1990. The JMP maintains an extensive global database and has become the leading source of comparable estimates of progress at national, regional and global levels. The 2015 update marked the end of the Millennium Development Goal period and the 2017 update established baseline estimates for monitoring the new Sustainable Development Goal targets.
The 2017 update estimated that in 2015, 29% of the global population (2.1 billion people) lacked “safely managed drinking water”– meaning water at home, available, and safe. 61% of the global population (4.5 billion people) lacked “safely managed sanitation” – meaning access to a toilet or latrine that leads to treatment or safe disposal of excreta. For the first time, the report analysed hygiene. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 15% of the population had access to a handwashing facility with soap and water.