Water sanitation hygiene

Water safety planning for small community water supplies

Step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities

World Health Organization

Publication details

Number of pages: 66
Publication date: 2012
Languages: English, French, Russian
ISBN: 978 92 4 154842 7



The WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality recommends the application of a comprehensive risk assessment and risk management approach called Water Safety Plans (WSPs) to most effectively ensure the safety of drinking-water supplies. The WSP approach is systematic, comprehensive, cost-effective and appropriate in a wide range of circumstances and thus are an important tool for small community water supplies.

This manual is designed to engage, empower and guide communities in the WSP development and implementation process. Guidance is provided on how to develop and implement a WSP through six achievable tasks. By following the WSP approach as described in this manual, small communities can improve the management of their drinking-water systems to achieve incremental and sustainable improvements in their drinking-water quality.