WATER, SANITATION AND HEALTH (WHO/HQ)

Outline plan of work 2002-2003

Health policy and advocacy for water management in development

(Policy and advocacy activities focus on a limited number of targeted issues. These concern areas in which: (i) major policy development is planned or in discussion with potential health impacts arising from water management actions; (ii) a change in policy would yield unusually high health gains; and (iii) health gains are used to justify changes in water sanitation and hygiene actions, which are not substantiated by available evidence. Emphasis is placed on delivering outputs to major policy forums and in collaboration with other international partners, when appropriate.)

Information systems on water, sanitation and health

(Reliable information provides the basis for informed policy-making and decision-taking. This area of activity concerns collection and dissemination of information, including major database resources. Its objective is to ensure awareness of, and access to, high-quality information relating to: the health burden associated with water, sanitation and health; the impacts of actions in water, sanitation and hygiene upon health; concerning present state of progress and trends; and concerning major areas of activity in health protection, based on water and sanitation management is an important focus of activity.)

Environmental disease burden in water and sanitation

(Reliable information provides the basis for informed policy-making and decision-taking. Ensuring availability of high-quality information relating to the health burden associated with water, sanitation and health and the impacts of actions in water sanitation and hygiene upon health is an important focus of activity.)

Microbiological risk assessments and management tools

(Infectious diseases associated with water sanitation and hygiene account for the majority of water-related disease burden and affect developing and developed countries world-wide. While some of the associated diseases are well-described, information concerning causative agents is incomplete and evidence concerning the effectiveness of control approaches and measures continues to emerge.)

Capacity building for health-care waste management

Support for emergency preparedness and response

(The frequency of occurrence of natural disasters and those arising from human activity has increased in recent decades. Water supplies may be directly affected (intentionally or accidentally) during emergencies and the rapid provision of minimum basic water and sanitation provision is critical in minimizing the health impacts of disasters and emergencies.) Emergencies may provide opportunity for increased transmission of water-based insect vectors.

Health impact assessment of water resources

Evidence-based guidelines for water and health

(WHO environmental quality "guidelines" are normative products intended to inform the development of efficient and effective disease control by countries at all levels of development. They are intended primarily to assist national development of regulations and standards and are used also by practitioners in various areas.)

Tools for good practice in drinking-water quality control

(Drinking-water quality is a concern for health protection in developing and developed countries world-wide. Information on the effectiveness of control measures is not readily available for several priority hazards and for several control measures. This product brings togther a series of activities concerned with critical evaluation of the effectiveness of control measures and its dissemination.)

Tools and good practice in health-care waste management

General management and administration of WSH programme

27 November 2002