WHO Pesticides Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES)

Vector control. Methods for use by individuals and communities

Geneva, World Health Organization, 1997, prepared by Dr Jan A. Rozendaal
ISBN 92 4 154494 5

The development and production of this manual have been an enormous task. Relevant information has been assembled on the control of disease vectors, reservoir species and household pests with the specific objective of providing practical guidance to non-professionals. The target species addressed in this book and the control methods described have been selected for an audience of individuals and communities whose potential contribution to vector control is considerable, but may be restricted by factors such as lack of financial resources and limited education. The decision-making structure of the community and control activities undertaken by local health services are also important in determining which control methods are appropriate.

Most of the research, data collection and field visits needed for this book were carried out by Dr Jan A. Rozendaal between 1988 and 1991. The resulting draft manuscript was then reviewed by various specialists in vector-borne disease control, who made a number of suggestions for changes to the text. In preparing the final manuscript, Dr Rozendaal has incorporated information on new developments in vector control to ensure that the text is as up to date as possible.

This book is particularly timely, since it appears as vector control is coming to depend less on large-scale control programmes organized by governments and more on community participation at the local level. In addition, it is now clear that many of the traditional methods used to prevent and control vector-borne and other infectious diseases are either incorrectly applied or no longer effective. Under the combined pressures of economic development, environmental and demographic changes, and increasing human migration, diseases are reappearing in new environments or are re-emerging in more virulent forms. Many of the agents of these diseases have become resistant to commonly used drugs or their vectors have developed resistance to pesticides. The methods described in this book, especially those directed at permanent modifications of housing and other components of the living environment, will help to prevent and control these diseases, which hinder economic progress and affect the well-being of populations in many parts of the world.

Dr K. Behbehani
Director, Division of Control of Tropical Diseases

English version