World health report

Brunei Darussalam

Figures computed by WHO to assure comparability; they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Table 1: Basic indicators for all WHO Member States


Population estimates 1992 2002
Total population (000) 350
Annual growth rate (%) 2.6
Dependency ratio (per 100) 57 51
% of population aged 60+ years 4.1 4.5
Total fertility rate 3.1 2.5
Life expectancy at birth (years) Males Females
2002 74.8 77.4
uncertainty 73.5 - 76.3 76.6 - 78.2
Both sexes 2002 76.1
Probability of dying (per 1000) Males Females
Under age 5 years 2002 14 12
uncertainty 12 - 16 11 -14
Between ages 15 and 59 years 2002 112 85
uncertainty 94 - 128 73 - 98

Table 4: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) in all WHO Member States, estimates for 2002


2002 Males Females
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) (years) Total population at birth 65.3
At birth 65.1 65.5
Uncertainty interval 63.8 - 66.4 64.7 - 66.6
At age 60 13.1 13.3
Uncertainty interval 12.5 - 13.8 13.0 - 13.7
Expectation of lost healthy years at birth (years) 9.7 11.9
Percentage of total life expectancy lost 13 15.4

Table 5: Selected national health accounts indicators: measured levels of expenditure on health, 1997-2001


1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 2.8 3 3.2 3.1 3.1
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 79.4 81.3 79.4 80 79.4
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 20.6 18.7 20.6 20 20.6
General government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure 4.5 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.1
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Social security expenditure on health as % of general government expenditure on health 0 0 0 0 0
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on health 100 100 100 100 100
Private prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 0 0 0 0 0

n/a Used when the information accessed indicates that a cell should have an entry but no estimates could be made.
0 Used when no evidence of the schemes to which the cell relates exist. Some estimates yielding a ratio inferior to 0.04% are shown as 0.

Table 6: Selected national health accounts indicators: measured levels of per capita expenditure on health, 1997-2001


1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 429 463 484 479 453
Per capita total expenditure on health at international dollar rate 525 570 607 617 638
Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 340 376 384 383 359
Per capita government expenditure on health at international dollar rate 416 464 482 493 507

n/a Used when the information accessed indicates that a cell should have an entry but no estimates could be made.

Table 7: Millenium Development Goals: Selected health indicators in all WHO Member States, 2000 (unles specified)


Children under five years of age underweight for age % n/a
Under-five mortality rate Per 1000 live births 14
Infant mortality rate Per 1000 live births 11
One-year-olds immunized against measles (2001) % 99
Maternal mortality ratio Per 100 000 live births 37
Births attended by skilled health personnel % 99
HIV prevalence among 15-49-years-olds % <0.1
Malaria mortality rate Per 100 000 0
Tuberculosis prevalence Per 100 000 39
Tuberculosis mortality rate Per 100 000 3
Tuberculosis cases Detected under DOTS (2001) % 100
Cured under DOTS % 63
Population using solid fuels % 70
Population with sustainable access to an improved water source Urban % n/a
Rural % n/a
Population with access to improved sanitation Urban % n/a
Rural % n/a

b Estimates from the 1990s.
...Countries not implementing DOTS or not reporting to WHO
n/a Data not available

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