World health report

Dominican Republic

Figures computed by WHO to assure comparability; they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Table 1: Basic indicators for all WHO Member States


Population estimates 1992 2002
Total population (000) 8616
Annual growth rate (%) 1.7
Dependency ratio (per 100) 70 59
% of population aged 60+ years 5.6 6.9
Total fertility rate 3.2 2.7
Life expectancy at birth (years) Males Females
2002 64.9 71.5
uncertainty 63.9 - 65.9 70.5 - 72.4
Both sexes 2002 68.0
Probability of dying (per 1000) Males Females
Under age 5 years 2002 37 30
uncertainty 32 - 41 26 - 35
Between ages 15 and 59 years 2002 256 150
uncertainty 231 - 279 132 - 171

Table 4: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) in all WHO Member States, estimates for 2002


2002 Males Females
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) (years) Total population at birth 59.6
At birth 57.2 61.9
Uncertainty interval 54.7 - 59.7 60.9 - 63.1
At age 60 11.3 13.7
Uncertainty interval 11.1 - 11.6 13.4 - 13.9
Expectation of lost healthy years at birth (years) 7.7 9.6
Percentage of total life expectancy lost 11.9 13.4

Table 5: Selected national health accounts indicators: measured levels of expenditure on health, 1997-2001


1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.2 6.1
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 32 31.4 32.2 35.4 36.1
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 68 68.6 67.8 64.6 63.9
General government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure 12.2 11.8 11.3 14.6 13.5
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 1.5 3.2 3.2 2.5 1.8
Social security expenditure on health as % of general government expenditure on health 26.8 21.4 20.3 22.4 22.6
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on health 88.6 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4
Private prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

n/a Used when the information accessed indicates that a cell should have an entry but no estimates could be made.
0 Used when no evidence of the schemes to which the cell relates exist. Some estimates yielding a ratio inferior to 0.04% are shown as 0.

Table 6: Selected national health accounts indicators: measured levels of per capita expenditure on health, 1997-2001


1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 111 114 121 145 153
Per capita total expenditure on health at international dollar rate 262 279 298 345 353
Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 35 36 39 51 55
Per capita government expenditure on health at international dollar rate 84 88 96 122 127

n/a Used when the information accessed indicates that a cell should have an entry but no estimates could be made.

Table 7: Millenium Development Goals: Selected health indicators in all WHO Member States, 2000 (unles specified)


Children under five years of age underweight for age 2000 % 4.6
Under-five mortality rate Per 1000 live births 37
Infant mortality rate Per 1000 live births 31
One-year-olds immunized against measles (2001) % 98
Maternal mortality ratio Per 100 000 live births 150
Births attended by skilled health personnel % 95.5
HIV prevalence among 15-49-years-olds % 1.8
Malaria mortality rate Per 100 000 0
Tuberculosis prevalence Per 100 000 149
Tuberculosis mortality rate Per 100 000 19
Tuberculosis cases Detected under DOTS (2001) % 7
Cured under DOTS % 79
Population using solid fuels % 48
Population with sustainable access to an improved water source Urban % 90
Rural % 78
Population with access to improved sanitation Urban % 70
Rural % 60

b Estimates from the 1990s.
...Countries not implementing DOTS or not reporting to WHO
n/a Data not available

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