World health report

Kenya

Figures computed by WHO to assure comparability; they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Table 1: Basic indicators for all WHO Member States


Population estimates 1992 2002
Total population (000) 31540
Annual growth rate (%) 2.3
Dependency ratio (per 100) 104 82
% of population aged 60+ years 4.1 4.2
Total fertility rate 5.5 4.1
Life expectancy at birth (years) Males Females
2002 49.8 51.9
uncertainty 43.8 - 57.4 44.8 - 59.3
Both sexes 2002 50.9
Probability of dying (per 1000) Males Females
Under age 5 years 2002 119 113
uncertainty 108 - 129 104 - 122
Between ages 15 and 59 years 2002 509 448
uncertainty 328 - 684 285 - 642

Table 4: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) in all WHO Member States, estimates for 2002


2002 Males Females
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) (years) Total population at birth 44.4
At birth 44.1 44.8
Uncertainty interval 39.8 - 51.2 39.9 - 51.6
At age 60 10.7 11.5
Uncertainty interval 9.5 - 13.2 10.3 - 13.5
Expectation of lost healthy years at birth (years) 5.7 7.1
Percentage of total life expectancy lost 11.5 13.7

Table 5: Selected national health accounts indicators: measured levels of expenditure on health, 1997-2001


1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 8 8.4 7.9 8.7 7.8
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 21.7 24.1 18.7 23.8 21.4
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 78.3 75.9 81.3 76.2 78.6
General government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure 6.1 7.2 5.1 8.6 6.2
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 7.3 7.9 9.6 9.7 9.8
Social security expenditure on health as % of general government expenditure on health 0 0 0 0 0
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on health 70 70.7 68.5 69.6 67.6
Private prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 7.3 6.6 9.1 8.7 9.5

n/a Used when the information accessed indicates that a cell should have an entry but no estimates could be made.
0 Used when no evidence of the schemes to which the cell relates exist. Some estimates yielding a ratio inferior to 0.04% are shown as 0.

Table 6: Selected national health accounts indicators: measured levels of per capita expenditure on health, 1997-2001


1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 29 33 28 30 29
Per capita total expenditure on health at international dollar rate 110 116 111 124 114
Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 6 8 5 7 6
Per capita government expenditure on health at international dollar rate 24 28 21 30 24

n/a Used when the information accessed indicates that a cell should have an entry but no estimates could be made.

Table 7: Millenium Development Goals: Selected health indicators in all WHO Member States, 2000 (unles specified)


Children under five years of age underweight for age 2000 % 21.2
Under-five mortality rate Per 1000 live births 113
Infant mortality rate Per 1000 live births 79
One-year-olds immunized against measles (2001) % 78
Maternal mortality ratio Per 100 000 live births 1000
Births attended by skilled health personnel % 44.3
HIV prevalence among 15-49-years-olds % 12.3
Malaria mortality rate Per 100 000 67
Tuberculosis prevalence Per 100 000 462
Tuberculosis mortality rate Per 100 000 49
Tuberculosis cases Detected under DOTS (2001) % 47
Cured under DOTS % 80
Population using solid fuels % 85
Population with sustainable access to an improved water source Urban % 88
Rural % 42
Population with access to improved sanitation Urban % 96
Rural % 82

b Estimates from the 1990s.
...Countries not implementing DOTS or not reporting to WHO
n/a Data not available

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