Products of the Task Force on Human Resources for Health Financing

Alliance Task Force on HRH Financing: CD Rom

Resource Requirements Tool (RRT)

The Alliance Task Force on Human Resources for Health Financing of the Global Health Workforce Alliance (The Alliance) has developed the Resource Requirements Tool (RRT). The purpose of this practical, Excel-based tool is to support countries to:

  • estimate and project the resources required for meeting their HRH plans;
  • analyze the plans’ affordability;
  • simulate “what if” scenarios;
  • facilitate the monitoring of scale-up plans;
  • contribute to the development of the cost and financing component of Human Resource Management Information Systems.

The RRT has already been implemented in a number of pilot countries with support from the Alliance Secretariat and its partners the World Bank, PAHO, DFID and USAID. The pilot countries are: Liberia, Ethiopia, the Philippines, Ghana, Mozambique, Uganda, and Sierra Leone. Users have reported RRT to be useful to understand the scale of resources needed to implement plans. As a key element to help countries address the health workforce shortage the RRT will be integrated into the Unified Costing Model (UCM) being developed by the United Nations and the World Bank.

For more information and to order a copy of the RRT, please contact the Alliance Secretariat at

Alliance Task Force on HRH Financing - Framework paper cover

Framework Paper: Financing and Economic Aspects of Health Workforce Scale-up and Improvement

This paper, developed by the Alliance Task Force on Human Resources for Health Financing, identifies key considerations for countries and policymakers in planning the financing of their health workforce, and is based on an extensive review and synthesis of the literature, research findings, and experience on the financing and economic aspects of health workforce scale-up and improvement.


  • Executive Summary & Introduction
  • AREA ONE: Fiscal and macroeconomic constraints on countries’ ability to pay employment costs of scaled-up HRH
  • AREA TWO: Financing capital and recurrent costs of scaled-up capacity to produce HRH
  • AREA THREE: Costs and tradeoffs concerning improved HRH retention
  • AREA FOUR: Costs of achieving more equitable deployment of HRH
  • AREA FIVE: Costs and effectiveness of methods for increasing the efficiency of HRH and reducing the numbers needed for scale-up
  • AREA SIX: Costs of strengthening HRH management
  • AREA SEVEN: Effects on costs of engaging both the private and the public sector in HRH scale-up
  • Conclusions & Annexes

What Countries Can Do Now: Action Paper cover

Action Paper: What Countries Can Do Now: Twenty-Nine Actions to Scale up and Improve the Health Workforce

This paper extracts the action items from the Framework Paper to provide country policy makers with a quick summary of the evidence-based actionable steps that they can take immediately to improve the effectiveness of their HRH financing policies.


  • Introduction
  • Issue One: How can countries pay for scaled up employment of HRH?
  • Issue Two: How can countries fund the investment and recurrent costs of producing the needed HRH?
  • Issue Three: What retention mechanisms have been tried, do they work, and how much do they cost?
  • Issue Four: How much would it cost to achieve equitable employment?
  • Issue Five: What efficiency measures for HRH performance work? How much do they cost? What are the gains in efficiency and effectiveness and how do they affect the need for HRH?
  • Issue Six: What are the key elements needed to strengthen HRH management and how much do they cost?
  • Issue Seven: How do HRH in private employment affect the availability and use of health services? How can health financing policy affect the numbers, distribution, and performance of privately employed HRH to contribute to national goals and objectives?