Blood donation success stories from countries
Islamic Republic of Iran
Safety through donor selection
The Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization has reduced the risk of transfusion-transmitted infections drastically in recent decades thanks to improved donor selection, better tests and new methods of screening. All donated blood is tested for HIV, hepatitis B and C and Human T-lymphotropic virus.
Iran has reduced the risk of infections and shows that its blood donors have a lower prevalence of:
- hepatitis B infection (0.25% in 2010 compared to 2-3% in the general population)
- hepatitis C infection (0.07% in 2010 compared to nearly 1% in the general population)
- HIV infection (0.004% in 2005 compared to 0.023% in the general population).
Blood donors are selected following an interview and physical examination that includes checking haemoglobin level, blood pressure, pulse, temperature and weight among several other criteria of donor selection. The purpose is to protect the donors and minimize any adverse reactions of blood donation. Iran keeps a data registry of blood donors who have a history of infection and high-risk behaviours. The country has also increased regular voluntary unpaid blood donations and totally phased out family donations in 2007.