International Childhood Cancer Day: 15 February 2017
International Childhood Cancer Day is held annually on 15 February to raise awareness about childhood cancer and to express support for children and adolescents with cancer, survivors and their families. The Day highlights the need for early identification of cancer, improved access to diagnosis and treatment and universal access to palliative care for all children. Though most cancer in children and adolescents cannot be prevented, cancer in children is generally treatable. Early diagnosis of cancer is important to provide children with the greatest likelihood of successful treatment. Relatively small investments can make a large impact on the life of a child with cancer.
World Cancer Day, organized by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and celebrated each year on 4 February, is an opportunity to rally the international community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer. To reach the Sustainable Development Goal target of reducing premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases including cancer by one-third by 2030, governments, NGOs, and all cancer advocates must be mobilized to collective action.
WHO has developed a Guide to cancer early diagnosis, to help policy-makers and programme managers address barriers to and delays in cancer care. By doing so, access to timely cancer diagnosis and treatment can be improved for all.
Abish Romero recently celebrated: 5 years free of breast cancer, after receiving successful treatment in her home country of Mexico. But the 28-year-old, whose mother died from advanced (late stage) breast cancer several years ago, had to make some tough choices before her care started in 2011.
8.8 millionpeople worldwide died from cancer in 2015. That is nearly 1 in 6 of all global deaths.Global Health Observatory
US$1.16 trillionis the estimated total annual economic cost of cancer in 2010.Key facts about cancer
30-50%of cancers could be prevented.Read the fact file about cancer
What is cancer?
Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases characterized by the growth of abnormal cells beyond their usual boundaries that can then invade adjoining parts of the body and/or spread to other organs. Other common terms used are malignant tumours and neoplasms. Cancer can affect almost any part of the body and has many anatomic and molecular subtypes that each requiring specific management strategies.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and accounted for 8.8 million death in 2015. Lung, prostate, colorectal, stomach and liver cancer are the most common types of cancer in men, while breast, colorectal, lung, cervix and stomach cancer are the most common among women.
According to current evidence, between 30% and 50% of cancer deaths could be prevented by modifying or avoiding key risk factors, including avoiding tobacco products, reducing alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy body weight, exercising regularly and addressing infection-related risk factors.
To reduce the significant disability, suffering and deaths caused by cancer worldwide, effective and affordable programmes in early diagnosis, screening, treatment, and palliative care are needed. Treatment options may include surgery, medicines and/or radiotherapy; treatment planning should be guided by tumour type, stage and available resources and informed by the preference of the patient. Palliative care, which focuses on improving the quality of life of patients and their families, is an essential components of cancer care. Accelerated action is needed to improve cancer care, to achieve global targets to reduce deaths from cancer and to provide health care for all consistent with universal health coverage.
About the cancer control programme
The key mission of WHO’s work in cancer control is to promote national cancer control policies, plans and programmes that are harmonized with strategies for noncommunicable diseases and other related health concerns. Our core functions are to set norms and standards for cancer control including the development of evidence-based prevention, early diagnosis, screening, treatment and palliative care programmes as well as to promote monitoring and evaluation through registries and research that are tailored to the local disease burden and available resources.
- Global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs 2013-2020
- Cancer control: knowledge into action series
- Guide to cancer early diagnosis
- Comprehensive cervical cancer control: a guide to essential practice
- WHO position paper on mammography screening
- Global atlas of palliative care at the end of life
- IARC Global cancer observatory
- IARC World cancer report
- Full list of publications