14 June 2016 | Geneva −− Kenya and Sudan have announced they will formally request WHO to verify interruption of transmission of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) in September and November 2016, respectively.
Both former endemic countries have reported zero cases during the past 3 years and are currently in the precertification phase.
WHO is the only organization mandated to certify countries as free of guinea-worm disease.
13 May 2016 | Geneva −− As human cases of dracunculiasis plummet, the International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) is considering the introduction of a global cash reward to speed up the certification of all countries. This includes those with no previous history of the disease.
During its 11th meeting, the ICCDE also considered the outcome of a scientific meeting convened by WHO to discuss D. medinensis infection in dogs.
30 March 2016 | Geneva −− The International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) has acknowledged the unprecedented decline in the number of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) cases as a ‘major public health achievement’.
In 2015, only 22 human cases, representing a remarkable 83% reduction, were reported to WHO, compared with 126 in 2014.
The Commission fully supported focused research aimed at resolving infections occurring in animals, particularly among dogs.
15 February 2016 | Geneva −− In 1986, an estimated 3.5 million cases were reported to WHO. In 1989, 15 out of endemic 20 countries1 reported 892 955 cases (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Togo, Uganda and Yemen).
Through the combined effort of affected countries’ National Guinea worm Eradication Programmes and different stakeholders including the The Carter Center, UNICEF World Health Organization and supported by many donors, the number of cases and affected countries reduced dramatically in 2015.
Guinea-worm disease is caused by the parasitic worm Dracunculus medinensis or "Guinea-worm". This worm is the largest of the tissue parasite affecting humans. The adult female, which carries about 3 million embryos, can measure 600 to 800 mm in length and 2 mm in diameter.
The parasite migrates through the victim's subcutaneous tissues causing severe pain especially when it occurs in the joints. The worm eventually emerges (from the feet in most of the cases), causing an intensely painful oedema, a blister and an ulcer accompanied by fever, nausea and vomiting.
Dracunculiasis eradication: WHO ready to verify Kenya and Sudan
Dracunculiasis eradication: eternal vigilance is the price of liberty
STATEMENT –– 11th meeting of the International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication
Dracunculiasis eradication: global surveillance summary, 2015
Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January–February 2016
Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January 2016