Core functions of the IHR
In today’s connected world, health security is a global issue. We must all protect ourselves, and each other, from threats like infectious diseases, chemical and radiological events.
That is why 196 countries have agreed to work together to prevent and respond to public health crises. The agreement is called the International Health Regulations, or IHR (2005), and WHO plays the coordinating role. Through the IHR, WHO keeps countries informed about public health risks, and works with partners to help countries build capacity to detect, report and respond to public health events.
29 March 2016 -- The 9th meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa took place on 29 March 2016. In the Committee’s view, the Ebola situation in West Africa no longer constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and the temporary recommendations adopted in response should now be terminated.
8 March 2016 -- The 2nd meeting of IHR Emergency Committee was convened by WHO Director-General regarding clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders in some areas affected by Zika virus. Based on the advice of the Emergency Committee, the Director-General declared the continuation of the Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
Strengthening the competencies, including the knowledge and skills, of public health personnel is critical to the sustainment of public health surveillance and response at all levels of the health system and the effective implementation of the IHR.
WHO provides leadership and contributes to building the capacity of public health professionals working on the implementation of the IHR; it has fostered the development and offers a variety of learning solutions, including training activities, materials and tools, tailored to specific needs of public health workers and partner institutions.
1 December 2015
Monitoring and evaluation of functional core capacity to implement the International Health Regulations (2005): IHR Monitoring Framework post 2015
In supporting States Parties to measure their national public health capacities and in accordance with the recommendations of the 2014 IHR Review Committee that WHO consider a variety of approaches for the shorter- and longer-term evaluation and development of IHR core capacities, a concept note exploring options for the way forward was developed in June 2015 to facilitate discussions between States Parties and the WHO Regional Committees and propose options for their consideration.
Following a series of virtual discussion regarding the proposed approaches set out in the concept note, participants from Member States, key international organizations, partners, and WHO regional and headquarters staff met at a technical consultation on 20-22 October in Lyon, France, to further develop the evaluation approach called for by the 2014 IHR Review Committee.
Development, monitoring and evaluation of functional core capacity for implementing the International Health Regulations (2005): Concept note
Technical consultation on monitoring and evaluation of functional core capacity to implement the International Health Regulations (2005), Lyon, France, 20-22 October 2015: Executive summary
Technical consultation on monitoring and evaluation of functional core capacity for implementing the International Health Regulations (2005), Lyon, France, 20-22 October 2015: Key points and recommendations
- Development, monitoring and evaluation of functional core capacity for implementing the International Health Regulations (2005): Concept note
IHR national capacities
All States Parties are required to have or to develop minimum core public health capacities to implement the IHR (2005) effective in accordance with articles 5 and 13 of the IHR (2005).